Diagnostic, Palliative, and Curative Surgery
For some mesothelioma patients, mesothelioma surgery options can be a helpful treatment. Specific types of surgeries can alleviate some symptoms or slow down the progression of mesothelioma throughout ones body. Some doctors choose to perform surgery in conjunction with radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
Not all mesothelioma cases are the same. Certain treatments and surgeries are performed depending on the stage of the illness and ones overall health. An early detection generally leads to multiple options and effective surgery treatment.
Mesothelioma surgery options for patients are broken down into three main categories:
- Diagnostic surgery
- Palliative surgery
- Curative surgery
Note: Some surgery treatments fall into more than one category.
In order to validate a mesothelioma diagnosis, diagnostic surgery is required. The procedure requires tissue removal from the affected area for examination by a histopathologist. Once thoroughly tested, the histopathologist is able to determine the type of mesothelioma and the appropriate treatments that will be needed.
Examples of diagnostic surgery
- Thorcoscopy: a cut is made between two ribs and a viewing instrument is inserted into the chest of the patient.
- Peritoneoscopy: a cut is made in the abdominal wall and a viewing instrument is inserted into the abdomen of the patient.
- Thoracotomy: a cut is made between two ribs and the chest is examined for signs of cancer.
Palliative surgery targets the symptoms of mesothelioma rather than the illness itself. Some mesothelioma patients choose this option to alleviate some of the physical pain associated with this illness.
Examples of palliative surgery
- Thoracentesis: this treatment drains excess fluid from the space between the lung and the pleura (lung lining). A tube is inserted into the chest and used to remove the fluid. This treatment is not designed to directly fight mesothelioma; rather, it reduces some harmful symptoms.
- Pleurodesis: this technique is used to reduce the build-up of fluid between the lung and the pleura. Excess fluid is drained from the area and a schlerosing (scaring) agent is applied. This builds up a layer of scar tissue which reduces the build-up of fluid.
When a patient is diagnosed with mesothelioma in its early stages, a curative surgery is usually performed. This type of surgery involves a proactive approach to remove most, if not all, of the mesothelioma tumors. In addition, other types of therapy may be used in conjunction to help battle reoccurring tumors.
Unfortunately, curative surgery cannot eliminate the disease completely but it can be a helpful option.
Examples of curative surgery
- Pleurectomy and decortication: surgery to remove part of the pleura and part of the outside surface of the lungs.
- Pneumonectomy: surgery to remove part of the lung. An incision is made and the surgeon visually identifies portions of the lung that require removal, and then removes the problem areas.
- Extrapleural pneumonectomy: surgery to remove the pleura, diaphragm, an entire lung, and the lining of around the heart. Sometimes chemotherapy drugs are used in conjunction with this treatment. These drugs are introduced into the chest cavity during surgery and allowed to "bathe" the area, killing cancer cells.
Georgia Mesothelioma Law Firm
If you have been diagnosed with any type of mesothelioma, only an experienced Georgia Mesothelioma lawyer can help you collect the compensation your deserve to cover for all your medical expenses and more.
At The Buck Law Firm, we are dedicated to representing mesothelioma victims and their families. We will take your mesothelioma lawsuit and pursue the most favorable compensation possible. Contact our Georgia mesothelioma law firm to schedule a consultation today with Rob C. Buck.